Canada, Ontario and Toronto

Canada recently signed the Paris Agreement. Canada also submitted our Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) last year. We have agreed to submit our Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) later this year after consulting with the provinces. Canada's INDC was not ambitious and matched the weak targets that were set by the previous government: "Canada intends to achieve an economy-wide target to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 30% below 2005 levels by 2030."

An important issue to consider is that the provinces and territories all have their own plans. It has been estimated that they contribute approximately 80% of the country's total emissions.